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The chronological records of Dermatoglyphics
Dr. Nehemiah Grew [1641-1712]
presented "fingers, palms and Soles -an introduction to dermatoglyphics" to the Royal society.
Dr. Marcello Malphigi [1628-1694]
noted in his thesis, ridges spirals and loops in fingerprints.
was the first one to write out basic tenets of fingerprint analysis and theorised that fingerprints were unique.
Dr. Jan Purkinje
classified the papillary lines on the fingertips into nine types; arch, tented arch, ulna loop, radial loop, peacocks eye/compound, spiral whorl, elliptical whorl, circular whorl and double loop/composite. Joannes Evangelista Purkinji found out that pattern on ones finger tips, the ridges and lines on ones prints begin to form at around the thirteenth week in the womb.
Dr. Charles Bell [1774-1832]
was one of the first physicians to combine the scientific study of neuro-anatomy with clinical practice. He published “the hand: its mechanism and vital endowments as evincing designs.
Dr. Francis Galton
published the book "fingerprints", establishing the individuality and performance of fingerprints. The book included the first classification system for: Arch Loop and WHORL
Sir Edward Henry
created The Henry Classification System of ten-print classification, which has persisted the ten-print fingerprint records. This system reduces the effort necessary to search large numbers of fingerprint records by classifying fingerprint records according to gross physiological characteristic.
Dr. Harold Cummins
achieved the recognition as the “Father of Dermatoglyphics” or the scientific study of skin ridge patterns found on the palms of human hands. The hand contained significant dermatoglyphics configurations that could assist the identification of mongolism in the new born child.
Dr. Harold Cummins & Dr Charles Midlo
also researched the embryo-genesis of skin ridge pattern and established that the fingerprint pattern actually develop in the womb and are fully formed by the fourth foetal month.
Dr. Julius Spier
psycho analytic chirologists published “the hands of children” he made several significant discoveries especially in the area of psycho sexual development and the diagnosis of imbalances and problems in this area for the pattern of the hands.
Dr Sarah B. Holt
whose own work “the genetics of thermal ridges “ published in 1968. Summarises her research in dermatoglyphics patterns of both the fingers and the palm in various people. She applied the science of fingeprints developed in human genetics to the art of medical diagnosis to provide the physician with dermal pattern analysis for in travelling the precise nature of developmental and chromosomal disorders.
Juha Mulvihill, MD and David smith, MD
published the Genesis of Dermatoglyphics. According to them, fetal pads which are mound-shaped collections of mesenchymal tissue deep to the epidermis determine the ridge patterns. For example, if the fetal pad is high, the pattern formed is whorl. This observation was also confirmed in nonhuman primates by Mulvihill and Smith. They also concluded in their study that character of fetal pad bears a relationship with final fingertips ridge patterns
Carried out research work of the human potential, intelligences and talents in Dermatoglyphics and human genome perspective.
alters “dermatoglyphics in medical disorders” published. Significant investigations have also been carried into the dermatoglyphics indicators of congenital heart disease, leukemia, cancer, rubella embryopathy, Alzheimer disease, schizophrenia etc. Dermatoglyphics research being directed into genetic research and the diagnosis of chromosal defects.
Professor Roger W. Sperry
who shared the Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology for his research on left and right brain functions of the whole brain. The three major areas of developmental neurobiology, experimental psychobiology and human split-brain studies. It is found that the genetic information of human intelligence is most easily displayed on the ears and hair, especially on the handprints.
Dr. Chen Yi Mou
PHD of Harvard University researched dermatoglyphics based on multiple intelligence theory of Dr. Howard Gardner. Was first to apply dermatoglyphics to educational fields and brain physiology.
chief of pathology at st lukes hospital in New York, claims to be able to diagnoseschizophrenia and leukemia with up to a 90% accuracy. In Germany, Dr. Alexander Rodewald reported that he can pinpoint many congenital abnormalities with a 90% accuracy.
IBMBS- Internatural Behavioural & Medical Biometrics Society published over 7000 reports and thesis published. Many countries likes US, China, India, Taiwan, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Singapore apply Dermatoglyhics to educational fields, expecting to improve teaching qualities and improve the learning efficiency by knowing themselves and their learning styles.